Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Exodus of migrant labour force from cities during Lock down period

At present, a struggle for survival is going on because of Carona virus. So far no respite. Thousands of people have died allover the world. It is a very difficult  time for the everyone. Government of India has called for complete lock down throughout the whole nation for 21 days. Only isolation and social distancing can prevent the disease from spreading. Clear message to all is ‘Stay back where you are’. Do not move out. Then why this exodus of migrant labour in India’s Metro cities?

Why is it difficult for the migrant workers to stay where they are? During lockout time, they need –

  • Enough space to live – One person hires a room and allows many daily wagers belonging to his homeland. Many individual live in that small room. During day time, all of them go out to their work place to earn money. Only at night they need little space to sleep. Each one pays some money to the person, who has hires the room, just to keep his bag during day time and little space to sleep at night. This way the tenant of the room, usually living with his family, also gets some extra money.
  • Not safe place to stay back during day time – Now with nationwide lock down, they do not have any place to spend their day time. ‘Stay where you are’ is not possible for them with the closure of industries and other places of work. It is almost impossible for them to keep a safe distance from each other either during daytime or nights by ‘staying back where they are’. It is necessary for the government first to make proper arrangements for their safe boarding and lodging.
  • Economic and emotional reasons – It is much more difficult and costlier for daily-wagers to live in Metros or big towns as comparison to living in their hometowns without any income. They think that economically and emotionally, it will be easier and better for them to go back to their homeland during this lock down period. They feel that then they can spend this time with their family members. And by chance, if death comes, they will be, at least, with their own near and dear ones.

For making all efforts to prevent Carona virus from spreading, the Government should pay more attention to the problems of migrant labours desirous to go back to their homeland. During this difficult time, with Carona virus spreading unchecked, strict isolation (keeping a safe distance from each other) is more necessary than other measures.

March 30, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Empowerment and Enlightenment

 “Mastering others is strength, mastering yourself is true power.” Lao Tzu

“Empowerment means Freedom to do what you want and Enlightenment is self-realization. “

Introduction 

“Knowledge is power. Information is liberating.”(Kofi Annan) – Everybody desires to be empowered enough to lead a peaceful and comfortable life-style. But how? Hardly anyone tries to understand. Quite often, while talking about empowerment, many reformers, intellectuals and political leaders are trapped within the caucus of economic and political empowerment, but not the spiritual enlightenment, which really empowers an individual. The real empowerment comes from within. Therefore instead of empowerment, emphasis should be more on enlightenment.

Use your wisdom/intellect – God has been kind enough to give to all human beings, the power of wisdom and intellect. To make their present pleasant and future better, and secure, they should use that power. Wisdom empowers a person to choose the right path, generate positive energies and saves human mind from any confusion about ‘Dos’ and ‘Don’ts’.

Importance of knowledge for enlightenment – Kofi Annan comments “Knowledge is power. Information is liberating.” Liberation to do what one wants is empowerment. Therefore acquiring right kind of knowledge is important enlightenment. Knowledge enables one to take right actions, and gives due meaning and value to deeds.

Politics on empowerment – ‘Empowerment’ or sharing of power has become a keyword of the modern political world. Merely talking about empowerment does not empower the people or leads to their sustainable development. Sri Sri Ravi Shanker says, “If everyone understood this, the country will gain a lot. We need to spiritualize politics, socialize business and secularize religion. Devoid of spirituality, politics breeds corruption.”

Many superficial measures are being taken by the government or other organizations (governmental or NGOs) to help and empower poor and underprivileged sections of society. But it has not yielded desired results. The efforts for empowerment should be from within – be it an individual, a group within a society, a society or a nation.”

Superficial measures of empowerment leads to conflicts and even denial of the rights to other section/sections of society. One’s own efforts and intellect can empower a person in its true sense and guide him how to apply his knowledge gainfully. Lack of intellect leads a person to vices like egoism, superiority/inferiority complex etc. and creates many problems for him as well as for others around him. Only intellect can control human mind and lead his mind towards Enlightenment. When intellect becomes weak, negative thinking and reasoning take over mind.

Problems created by over-emphasizing ‘empowerment – Following are some of the problems –

  • Split in society – Recently, focus on empowerment has created split in society. The attention of the people on empowerment has given rise to the pursuance of sectional interests.
  • Encouragement to sectional interests over national interests – In the name of ‘empowerment’, various pressure groups are encouraged by the authorities to pursue their own sectional interests. Almost all the political parties make different kinds of promises to ‘empower’ the upcoming or deprived groups. They do not even hesitate to adopt such populist/paternalistic policies, which are against the national interest in a long run.
  • Means to grab the political power – Present day politicians care for knowledge only up-to the extent, so far as it enhances their chances of entering into the corridors of ‘power’ and control the levers of authority.
  • Rat race – Attitude to be ‘one up’ does not encourage healthy competition. Rather it pushes individuals/groups towards ‘rat-race’, pulls others down and care only for ‘I, my and me”.
  • Increasing corruption and manipulation – With this sole mission in their mind, most of the upcoming politicians concentrate on amassing more and more wealth/empires to buy muscle-power and conscience of common man. They concentrate their efforts/energies to acquire as much money as they can by hook or crook. There is no limit to their greed. The only mission is to hold so much economic and political power in their hands, so that they could lead a luxurious life-style on tax-payers money and whenever they or their supporters are caught doing something wrong, they can get away easily.
  • The word ‘empowerment’ exclusive not inclusive in nature – Empowerment, by nature is ‘exclusive’, which separates individuals/different sections of society starts a cut-throat competition amongst different individuals/sections of society/nations. The word ‘Empowerment’ generates excessive desire in individuals to establish their superiority/authority over others, so that they can control the destiny of others.

Wisdom/Enlightenment, “Knowing others, is intelligence, knowing yourself is true wisdom” – Hindu philosophy shows high regards for wisdom/knowledge, virtues, characters and will power. According to it, senses are superior to body, mind is superior to senses and knowledge/wisdom/intellect is superior to mind.  Bhagwat Gita’ suggests that human action/deed needs to be combined with wisdom/intellect for enlightenment and empowerment.

According to Hindu philosophy, the whole world of activities is a result of complex intermixing of three basic qualities of human nature – goodness (Satwa), Passion (Rajas) and dullness (Tamas). `Goodness is associated with purity, peace and knowledge; `Passion with comfort and action; and `Tamas with ignorance, sloth, sleep and carelessness.

These qualities determine the tendencies, potentialities, limitations, traits and character of individuals and give them direction for action. `Adharma (immoral behavior), Alasya (laziness) and Agyan (ignorance) are responsible for negative behavior like becoming victims of evils, unhappiness and miseries.

 Balance between desires and righteousness – Today empowerment means getting enough opportunities to enjoy material success and fulfil all worldly desires. Suppressed aspirations of people erupt like a volcano one day and create lots of troubles for all. Therefore, it is necessary to keep a fine balance between empowerment and enlightenment.

Role of wisdom in true empowerment – It is the wisdom of human beings that enables them to maintain right balance between their desires/aspirations and righteousness. Wisdom can be achieved:

  1. Through reflection, which is the noblest;
  2. Through imitation, which is easiest and
  3. By experiencing, which is the bitterest.”

True Knowledge necessary for enlightenment – For enlightenment, acquisition of true knowledge is necessary. It is knowledge, which inculcates in a person, qualities like self-confidence, self-reliance, self-discipline, self-control and self-respect.

Sound education necessary for enlightenment as well as empowerment – True knowledge inculcates positive attitude, which ultimately leads towards happiness and prosperity. Wisdom depends on knowledge. Sound education is necessary to make people knowledgeable.

Role of enlightenment in a democracy – It is said, “Democracy must be built through open  societies that share information. When there is information, there is enlightenment. When there is debate, there are solutions. When there is no sharing of power, rule of law and accountability, there is abuse, corruption…”

How to become empowered – Lao Tzu says “Mastering others is strength, mastering yourself is true power.” True empowerment can be achieved not through holding political power or access/entry/influence in the corridors of authority/power, but through ‘Enlightenment’/true wisdom’.

Emphasis only on empowerment leads to rat race – Present day’s scenario more emphasis is given to “Empowerment” without understanding what ‘empowerment’ really means and how to make people really empowered. Such an approach has led to a rat race between different sections of society for being one-up by hook or crook.

Too much emphasis on the word ‘empowerment’ incites/agitates the minds of people and generates negative energy in them. It has done irreparable loss to the society and given rise to different kinds of problems.

‘Empowerment’ of ‘Haves-nots – Almost all the societies are divided into two sections – ‘haves’ and ‘haves-not’. There is unrest in the minds of ‘Haves-not’. They also desire and naturally so, to lead a peaceful and comfortable life-style. Modern politicians allure poor by talking too much about ‘empowerment’. They are not concerned so much about the advancement of poor section of society, as about creating vote-banks necessary for holding the reigns of state authority/power.

False promises to allure poor masses – In the modern materialistic and consumerist world, everyday many new gadgets are coming in the market every-day, which makes the life more comfortable. But for majority of people, it is difficult to afford it. Many a times, it becomes difficult for the poor people or persons with weak minds to resist the temptations. False promises of present day politicians attract such persons easily.

Enlightenment ‘inclusive’ by nature – Enlightenment develops respect for positive attitude, right knowledge and respect for truth and ethical values. It teaches people ‘United we stand, divided we fall’. It inculcates in people an attitude to work for common good, to support each other and move forward together. It guides people to keep their ‘ego’ under control. The only way to control it lies within each human being.

Conclusion – ‘Enlightenment, not empowerment, is the real source of power’. ‘Enlightenment’ through self-introspect can only lead to sustainable development and true ‘empowerment’, not through extraneous/artificially/superficially imposed measures. Focus on ‘empowerment’ by superficial means quite often leads to negative attitude. ‘Enlightenment’ through right kind of knowledge makes people intelligent, generates positive energies in them and leads to their sustainable development.

Resist temptations? – For making mind strong enough to resist temptations, one has to raise the level of consciousness. Human mind has three dimensions – conscious, sub-conscious and super-conscious mind. Once the conscious mind is regulated, sub-conscious and super-conscious state of mind automatically gets controlled.
Conscience is always guided by intellect. Intellect automatically develops the inherent potential of individuals and keeps them away from lust and greed. Only ‘intellect’, knowledge, education and positive attitude of enlightened persons can make them so powerful that they can contribute to make a difference for betterment and not to indulge themselves in sinful activities for their self-interest. It would ultimately bring in prosperity and transform the whole society.

March 28, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Fast Forward Pace of modern life

Times were better, when life was going on at bullock car speed. All were happy in their own way, satisfied, and progressing slowly, but steadily. Now life is moving at fast forward speed. As a result, life has become full of stresses and strains for everyone. Life is no more a heaven for children have to learn fast to become independently capable of looking after themselves on their own. For young persons, life is a continuous struggle to maintain daily schedule of activities without disruption. And for old people, it is more or less like a hell. They have to suffer due to their failing energies, health problems, social distancing, and loneliness.   

March 28, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

   

%d bloggers like this: