Latasinha's Weblog

Social and political Values and Systems in India.

Problems of rural women

 In rural India, most of the women are victim of poverty, ignorance, illiteracy and unemployment. Poverty frequently pushes unemployed men to leave their families behind and go to distant places in search of jobs. In about 30% to 35% rural households, women are sole breadwinner with complete responsibility to raise children and run the household.

Women of weaker and vulnerable sections of society are at disadvantage due to: –

 Class oppression due to poverty,

  Caste oppression due to inter caste clashes, and

  Gender oppression.

Most of the women belonging to this section become victims of abuse, harassment, humiliation and exploitation because of the laziness, drunkenness, vices or violent attitude of their own men-folk or incapacity of their men folk to protect their women. They tolerate atrocities on their women by others with down cast eyes. Wife beating, desertions, polygamy are the common practices amongst them. In addition to it women’s own helplessness, unawareness or inherent weaknesses put them in difficult situations.   Usually they either curse others for their agonies or their fate.

However, women belonging to lower castes get laxity in regard to all those social or religious restrictions, rituals and observances, by which the so-called purity of caste Hindu women is protected like Pardah system, poligamy, Sati Pratha or restrictions on widows etc. Purdah system has never been a common practice there. Widows have lesser ritual or religious restrictions. Divorce or remarriage has always been allowed to them.

 All rural women irrespective of caste or class have to suffer more than urban women in three critical areas : –

  Access to education,

 Reproductive health, and

 Credit resources.

 

October 15, 2009 Posted by | Women's issues | 3 Comments

Problems of Urban working woman

The trend of nuclear family, withering away of traditional family values and support systems, fast developments due to modernization and technological advancement and increased necesssities due to consumerism and lure for luxury items in addition to continuous price-rise and inflation, put a great pressure on urban women.

Economic Pressures on a family demand woman to earn and add to family income. Two income families are fast becoming the norm of urban modern society.  It puts her, especially the one having little kids under constant pressure to meet the two ends – to manage the household tasks properly and to fulfil the responsibilities of their work place. Many a times, employment makes women economically strong, but socially and emotionally broken, especially, when children become irritant or undisciplined, because of their inadequate handling  during their tender age.

The urban women has to suffer mainly due to lack of support systems. Old traditional support systems are gradually vanishing and new systems supposed to replace them are not upto the expectations and satisfaction of the parents. For some couples day-care or cretches are too expensive.

Besides, a large number of women suffer due to social evils like infanticide, dowry, divorce, child care, polygamy or inhuman treatment to widows (young or old) specially in Northern India, Bengal and Rajasthan.

 

October 15, 2009 Posted by | Women's issues | 1 Comment

Resrvations in the name of Social justice

Social justice is a much-abused concept as practiced in India. In recent years it has become the favoured idea of politicians searching for legitimacy for Reservations in varous spheres. For them, creating quotas for officially recognized depressed castes  in all the spheres and levels of educational, political, social and economic activities is the beginning and the end of social justice. It is an utterly cynical ploy to serve sectarian interests.

Reservations linked with caste politics has been unable to advance the cause of the intended beneficiaries or the submerged sections of society at large. Caste has become an instrument in the hands of politicians to get entry into power echelons more with an aim to enter into power echelons and thereafter get control over treasury/public funds. The ideologies of social justice and the interests or voice of common man are continuously being throttled mercilessly.

October 15, 2009 Posted by | Reservation/Affirmative action program | Leave a comment

Attitude of British government for Reservations

 

 

British government in India, which introduced and experimented the Reservation policy in lands of India, remained very particular till the end of its rule not  disturb its elite service, the Indian Civil Service. It depended heavily on ICS for the efficient and effective governance of the country.

British rulers gave assurance to the backward castes, but firmly stuck to one point i.e. – it won’t weaken its steel-frame – its administrative service at any cost. It told very clearly the upcoming groups about getting entry into ICS “With its utmost desire to do the best for these classes, the Government will be and is powerless to help them, unless they qualify themselves to the same extent as others of their countrymen for duties of administration and public.”

Therefore the rulers advised the backwards to equip themselves with education, which alone would enable them to take due share in the administration of the nation. The British kept the Reservation confined to the provincial level till they ruled. 

However, they knitted a very strong web for the Indian leaders, into which the Indian leaders were trapped completely after the Independence. It was only after the Independence that Reservation Policy was acknowledged as necessary for uplifting downtrodden and was introduced at national and provincial levels separately. With the passage of time, this  feeling became stronger and stronger.

 

October 15, 2009 Posted by | Reservation/Affirmative action program | | 1 Comment

Caste color to gender issues

Generally, the suppression and slave like conditions do not evoke much sympathy in the hearts of men-community. On the contrary, many male members of the society try to cash on women’s sufferings. In the present atmosphere of politicization of casteism in politics, gender issues are very conveniently turned into caste issues by vested shrewd persons.

On January 21, 1994 a 45 year old Harijan woman from Duana Village in UP was stripped and paraded nude by some anti-social elements. Hundreds of villagers and her own caste-men watched it silently. Neither anyone came forward to rescue her, nor shown the courage to condemn it. Later on, it was given a color of caste issue reporting – a Dalit woman harassed by caste men. 

Such a reporting was done intentionally to evoke public emotions and reap benefit out of it. It pushed the oppressed women into the background unnoticed.

In fact the male-dominated society and callous Government turns a blind eye to the gender issues. Mr. P.A. Sebastian, Secretary of the Committee for People’s Democratic Rights, says, “Women have to face an uphill task for taking women’s issues as, firstly most people are indifferent to atrocities that do not affect them, it is only a microscopic minority, that reacts. Secondly, the administration and judiciary are very slow in reaching and taking any kind of measure and sometimes even stall the proceedings.”

October 15, 2009 Posted by | Women's issues | | Leave a comment

   

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